It is a medical condition that involves excess fat being accumulated in the body to the point that it puts one’s health at risk. A person is said to be obese when the body mass index of that person is 30 or above. The main symptom of obesity is too much body fat which might lead to serious health issues. Other symptoms include pain in the back and
What Is Body Mass Index?
This is the ratio of one’s weight to the square of one’s height. The value is used to determine the amount of fat in the body. There are various reliable BMI calculators online that can be used to easily calculate one’s BMI.
BMI = weight (kg) / height (m2)
Types of Obesity
- Class one obesity: a BMI of 30 – 35.
- Class two obesity: a BMI of 35 – 40.
- Class three obesity (severe): a BMI of 40 or more.
Treatment of Obesity
One of the first steps in treating obesity is to make and follow an eating plan which includes low carbohydrate and low-fat foods. Carbohydrates and fats contain a lot of calories, so, by reducing the amount of sugar, junk food and oily food being consumed, one is able to reduce calorie intake. Do not starve yourself unnecesarily while trying to lose weight very fast because this can lead to health complications and vitamin deficiencies.
People who are overweight need to exercise so that they can prevent further weight gain and maintain the amount of weight that has been lost. It is advisable to lose weight slowly over a period of time because it is more effective and healthy.
Weight loss programs are great ways for obese people to lose weight because it helps them to set a goal and there are professionals guiding them as they work towards achieving those goals. There are various types of weight-loss programs, so, it is to make some research and go for one with a structure that will be most effective for you.
There are drugs that help with weight loss but they should not be taken without a prescription and supervision by a medical professional.
Behaviour therapy is a form of treatment that treats disorders by focusing on physical, mental and emotional factors. Behaviour therapy is used to treat people by changing certain behaviours, attitudes or mental orientations of patients.
Bariatric surgery is meant to help people lose weight by making changes to the digestive system. Small bariatric surgeries make the stomach smaller while others change the small intestine which is the part of the body that is responsible for absorbing calories from food.
Health Risk of Diabetes
- Gallbladder disease
- Respiratory problems
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Fatty liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Pregnancy problems